Iceland

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Coastal Culture - European Year of Cultural Heritage

In Iceland the principal theme of the European Year of Cultural Heritage 2018 and of the European Heritage Days is Coastal Culture. Over the centuries from the settlement of Iceland in the ninth century until the 20th, all Icelanders‘ communication with other countries was via its ports: commerce, travel, and communication of knowledge and ideas. Cultural trends were brought from Europe by Icelanders who studied and worked there – whether artisans, artists or intellectuals – and by foreigners who visited Iceland..
The cultural heritage, whether tangible or intangible, bears witness to Icelanders‘ relationships with Europe, ever since Iceland was first settled.
It was via the Atlantic ocean that Iceland was connected to Europe. Around Iceland’s coasts are a multitude of heritage sites that relate to trade, the fisheries and seafaring. Due to climate change and global warming many such sites are at risk from rising sea levels; and every year important elements of Icelandic and European history are lost.